Although widely anticipated, Vox’s apparent vault into third place – with almost 60 seats now predicted – is dramatic. Two years ago, the far-right outfit was viewed as an atavistic irrelevance.
That changed, largely due to the Catalan independence crisis, in December last year when Vox won 12 seats in the Andalucían regional parliament.
It fared a little less well than predicted in April’s general election, winning 24 seats. But helped once again by renewed tensions in Catalonia, Vox now seems on course to more than double its parliamentary presence.
Its rise comes as the centre-right Citizens see their support collapse and the conservative People’s party experiences a bounce back. The question now is what effect Vox’s surge will have on the PP as negotiations begin to try to form a government.