Two communities in Northern California’s wine country were accessible only by boat after a relentless downpour caused a river to overflow.
The small city of Guerneville north of San Francisco “is officially an island”, with the overflowing Russian river forecast to hit its highest level in about 25 years, the Sonoma county sheriff’s office said in a statement.
“Nobody is coming or going from the Guerneville area at this time,” said the sheriff’s sergeant Spencer Crum. The nearby town of Monte Rio was also isolated by floodwaters and all roads leading to it were swamped.
The still rising river was engorged by days of rain from western US storms that have also dumped heavy snow in the Sierra Nevada, throughout the Pacific north-west and into Montana, where the governor, Steve Bullock, signed an emergency order to help keep up the supply of heating fuel amid frigid temperatures.
Snow from the storms closed roads and schools and toppled trucks and trees from Oregon to Montana and an avalanche in the Sierra prompted Amtrak to suspend rail service between Sacramento and Reno, Nevada.
The Russian river topped 42ft (13 meters) Wednesday afternoon, when television helicopter footage showed homes underwater and cars submerged. It could crest at more than 46ft by Wednesday night, officials said. About 4,000 residents in two dozen river communities were ordered to evacuate Tuesday evening but officials estimate only about half heeded the orders, Crum said.
Jeff Bridges, co-owner of the R3 Hotel in Guerneville, said he and others who stayed behind were well prepared to ride out the storm. He and employees spent most of the night moving computers, business records and furniture to second-floor room. Bridges said there was about 7ft of water at his two-story home in Guerneville on Wednesday.
“As long as everybody is safe, dry and warm, it’s all fine. You just ride it out,” said Bridges. “People in Florida have hurricanes, people in Maine have blizzards; we have floods,” he said. “It’s the price we have to pay to live in paradise.”
Several areas in California set record-high rainfall totals, including nearby Santa Rosa, which had nearly 8in (20cm) of rain in one day. The often-waterlogged Venado weather station 5 miles (8km) from Guerneville recorded more than 20in of rain in 48 hours.
In the Sierra Nevada, which has already seen a month of heavy snow, two Amtrak trains together carrying nearly 300 passengers stopped and reversed directions because of an avalanche that closed railroad tracks. Service on Amtrak’s California Zephyr between Reno and Sacramento, California, has been suspended until weather conditions improve, the Amtrak spokeswoman Kimberly Woods said.
California officials were also concerned about potential mudslides in saturated wine country hillsides and in areas scarred by wildfires in 2017.
A mudslide on Tuesday near Monte Rio trapped a man and a woman before they were rescued, messy but unharmed.
“I fell into the mud when the tree fell over the top of me. It happened so fast you don’t even know,” Kear Koch told KGO-TV.
Elsewhere in the area, several people had to be rescued from cars stranded while motorists tried to drive through flooded roads. Nina Sheehan, who is visiting from North Carolina, had to abandon her rental SUV after it got stuck in a flooded hotel parking lot.
“We made a decision to take the rental car through the waist-high water and we got two thirds of the way and then the car stalled,” she said. “Do not try to go through any water over a foot high because you never know what you’re going to find.”