Archaeology mystery solved with 'important' Roman remains uncovered in Turkey

The rusted artefact was found by excavators from Karabuk University at the site of Hadrianopolis in Paphlagonia, less than two miles west of modern-day Eskipazar. Located in Karabuk Province, the site has been explored since at least 2003 and once stood proudly as one of the biggest settlements in the region. Hadrianopolis is believed to have been inhabited from the first century BC until the eighth century AD.

The city has also been known as Proseilemmene or Caesarea – not to be confused with the ancient Mediterranean port found in Israel.

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Discoveries at the site have so far revealed a number of buildings, including two baths, two churches, rock tombs, a villa, a theatre and other religious structures.

The Karabuk University researchers have expanded the site after discovering the remains of a fortified building.

And within it, they unearth a partial, exquisitely detailed face mask wrought from iron.

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A Roman garrison would have fortified the region by building a series of bases to counter potential threats from the Black Sea.

The archaeologist added: “We think that one of these defensive military cities was Hadrianopolis.

“The mask fragment is from the imperial period.

“It most likely belongs to the third century when we look at similar examples and stratification history.”


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